Proponents of NAFTA in the United States stressed that the pact was a free trade agreement and not an economic community agreement.  The free movement of goods, services and capital did not extend to work. By proposing what no comparable agreement had attempted to open up to a “great third world country” – NAFTA avoided the establishment of a common social policy and employment. The regulation of the labour market and employment has remained exclusively due to national governments.  El tratado no ha conseguido un crecimiento din`mico de la economéa mexicana, pero se ha conseguido que México se vuelva mesente de la economéa norteamericana, antes y después de los procesos de la firma del TLCAN, los flujos de IED [Inversién Extranjera Directa] hacia México originatéan y provienenne principalmente de Estados Unidos, 61.5% del total IDE en el periodo 1980-1993 , y de 51.6% del total para el periodo 1994-2012 (…), aunque is diversified la procedencia de la inversién, el pa es sigue siendo dependiente de lo que ocurra con la economéa norteamericana.  Este acuerdo es una ampacién del antiguo Tratado de Libre Comercio de Canadé y Estados Unidos que fue firmado el 4 de octubre de 1988 para la formalizacién de la relacién comercial entre los dos paéses. In 1990, el block entered in negociaciones para ser reemplazado por un tratado que incluyera a México. Clinton signed it on December 8, 1993. The agreement came into force on 1 January 1994.
  At the signing ceremony, Clinton paid tribute to four people for their efforts to reach the historic trade agreement: Vice President Al Gore, Council of Economic Advisers Chair Laura Tyson, National Economic Council Director Robert Rubin and Republican Congressman David Dreier.  Clinton also said, “NAFTA means jobs. U.S. jobs and well-paying American jobs. If I didn`t believe it, I wouldn`t support this agreement.  NAFTA replaced the old Canada-U.S. free trade agreement. According to a 2013 Jeff Faux article published by the Economic Policy Institute, California, Texas, Michigan and other high-concentration manufacturing states were most affected by NAFTA job losses.  According to a 2011 article by EPI economist Robert Scott, the trade agreement has “lost or supplanted” some 682,900 U.S. jobs.  Recent studies have agreed with congressional Research Service reports that NAFTA has little influence on manufacturing employment and automation, accounting for 87% of manufacturing job losses.
 According to the Ministry of Commerce, over the past ten years, 1 trade relationship between the two countries has developed considerably and it is therefore virtually possible to have an instrument to create a healthy trade route for competitive entry of products into one of the most important markets in the Middle East, supported by the principles of legal and economic security. Similarly, the agreement will open the door to the promotion of alliances that go beyond a simple trade in products, as it should, among other things, actively participate in the fields of technology, agriculture, telecommunications, public health and the development of ecotechnologies.